Growing demand from European consumers has led to a boom in Fairtrade flower sales. Around 640 million stems were sold between 2013 and 2014, a 5 percent increase from the same time a year earlier. However, Journalists for Transparency found workers on Fairtrade farms who were exposed to pesticides and suffered miscarriages, in violation of Fairtrade standards for chemical exposure. The farms on which two women worked did not acknowledge any responsibility for their miscarriages.
Consumers in Germany, France and the United States are forking over premium prices for Fairtrade certified goods, in the belief that they are improving the lives of workers in the developing world.
Since the early 1990s, Fair Trade agriculture has been touted as a tool to help farmers in developing nations raise their income by securing better prices for raw products that enjoyed high demand in Europe and the United States. Most of the intended beneficiaries are in Africa, and grow labor-intensive crops like cocoa, coffee, tea, flowers, and bananas. But an investigation of Fairtrade suppliers in several countries has found workers toiling for long hours and low pay in sometimes hazardous conditions--in short, the very conditions Fairtrade was meant to end.
Seventh in the series East Goes West: When the violence in Congo became unbearable Afonso decided it was time to pack his bags. He contacted a group of smugglers, and escaped Kinshasa on a cargo ship with a handful of other migrants. As the boat left Africa it headed not north to Europe but due West, to Brazil.
Sixth in the series East Goes West: In 2008, Ecuador passed a new constitution which created an “open door” policy for all foreign visitors. From one day to the next, no-one needed a visa to enter, turning Ecuador from a little known dot on the South American map to a key destination for people who wanted to travel to or through the Americas.
Fourth in the series East Goes West: Manning the bustling stalls that make up the marché H.L.M. in central Dakar, merchants shout for attention as they try to persuade shoppers to buy their myriad patterned fabrics from different corners of Africa: Khartoum cloth, lingerie, ribbons, shoes, and jewellery. In the air is the smell of recently-fried beignets being laid to dry on large sheets of newspaper.
Dangerous Passage And Uncertainty In Europe Push Migrants, Refugees To Americas. Abdul Majeed was 5,000 miles and an ocean away from his home in Ghana when he crossed the Darien Gap, the jungle border that lies between Colombia and Panama.
Fifth in the series East Goes West: Nurah suspected her 13-year-old son was dead when the smuggler who claimed to be holding him hostage refused to put him on the phone. That was three years ago, but that series of events still runs through her mind every day.
Second in the series East Goes West: The path to new lives in the Americas starts in Ghana for many migrants and refugees. Here they assess the promise and the perils of individual journeys that have led to starkly different outcomes.
Eighth in the series East Goes West: Ali sits in a coffee shop in downtown Tapachula, Mexico’s southernmost city. He is clean cut and eloquent, with short curly hair and big expressive eyes. Originally from Somalia, and the proud holder of a BA in Business from a prestigious college in Ethiopia, he explains how he used a network of smugglers to travel 6,500 km all the way from São Paulo, Brazil, to this town on the Mexico-Guatemala border.
Third in the series East Goes West: For the cash-strapped West African migrant seeking to reach Europe or the Americas, few places on earth hold as much promise as Agadez. Though the journey from here to Libya is still dangerous, exposing migrants to potential robberies or even death in the desert, it is one trip in which migrants have some degree of control.
US law bars human rights abusers around the world from participating in taxpayer-funded training. But when Defense Department officials learned that military officials in Nepal tortured and murdered a 15-year-old girl at a major center for UN peacekeeper training, their primary fear was that the law would prevail, and pose an obstacle to future exercises, according to government emails obtained by 100Reporters.